Urbicide Narratives as a Projection of Genocide in Space: A Documentary Film Analysis on the Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina


During the wars, directly targeting the cities and their values, not only to harm the city dwellers but also to erase the urban memory is considered as an extension of genocide and this is called urbicide. Urbicide was used for the first time to describe the events that took place during the Bosnia and Herzegovina War (1992 2015). Many documentaries about the war have been shot and some of them have been described the events as genocide. This study evaluates the emphasis on the existence and dimensions of urbicide in the documentaries by using the content analysis method. In this context, 12 documentary films which are shot in English and Turkish languages were examined. The spatial, ethnic and religious constituents were analyzed through the audio and visual images that shown in the films were dealt in the study. It has been found that there are differences in the way the subject is handled and conveyed between Turkish-made documentary films and the others. In addition, although in most of the documentaries, urbicide is narrated, it was seen that the concept of genocide takes place more frequently in documentary films.


Urbicide genocide urban memory Bosnia and Herzegovina documentary