Article

Mental Health Determinants in Turkey: Investigating an Extensive List of Variables

Abstract

This study examines the determinants of mental health in Turkey over a broad perspective includingsociodemographic factors, health/lifestyle choices, home/neighborhood environment, social interactions, andworkplace environment in Turkey. We implement a linear regression model to analyze the factors associated withmental well-being among adults. For this purpose, we utilize individual-level data obtained from the Turkey HealthSurveys implemented by the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) between 2008-2012. Our results suggest mento report a higher mental health score than women despite controlling for a broad set of observable characteristics.Exposure to noise, violence, and crime at home or in the neighborhood are significantly related to lower mentalhealth scores, especially for women. In contrast, employment is only associated with higher mental health scores formen. Importantly, household income does not appear to be as crucial as non-financial variables such as good healthand having someone to trust in case of a severe problem. In addition, rude behavior and discrimination at workplacenegatively affect mental well-being for both women and men. We suggest promoting non-financial variables such astrust in others, good health, and a peaceful environment at home, at work, and in the neighborhood in people’s lives

Keywords

Depression mental well-being lifestyle social capital financial factors non-financial variables Mental Health Inventory-5 Turkey Turkey Health Survey.